Russia will create a center that will monitor meteoroids, comets and asteroids that have a chance of colliding with planet Earth, Igor Bakaras, a senior official with Roscosmos subsidiary Central Research Institute for Machine Building (TSNIIMASH), said in an interview with SputnikMOSCOW (Pakistan Point News / Sputnik - 12th December, 2019) Russia will create a center that will monitor meteoroids, comets and asteroids that have a chance of colliding with planet Earth, Igor Bakaras, a senior official with Roscosmos subsidiary Central Research Institute for Machine Building (TSNIIMASH), said in an interview with Sputnik.
"As part of the creation of a monitoring system and information support for the safety of space activities in near-Earth space, we plan to launch the Russian Center for Small Celestial Bodies, whose main task will be to detect and track celestial bodies approaching Earth," Bakaras, who heads the Information and Analytical Center for the Safety of Space Activities in Near-Earth Space at TSNIIMASH, said.
The organization will carry out interdepartmental interaction between Roscosmos, the Russian academy of Sciences, the Russian Ministry for Emergencies, and the Foreign Ministry, as well as sharing information with other nations and international organizations, Bakaras explained.
The center is set to be approved in mid-2020, shortly after which it will go online and run until 2030. It will be operated by Bakaras' Analytical Center, which is a subsidiary of TSNIIMASH.
Asked about whether the center will develop methods destroy or divert bodies headed for our planet, Bakaras said plenty of research needed be done before determining the appropriate counteractive measures.
"Various methods for destroying a threatening celestial body or removing it from orbit � kinetic impact, gravitational tug, rocket engines, solar sails and focused solar energy, and others � are being considered. Their technical implementation is hampered by the lack of accurate data on the features of the motion of specific asteroids, their structure and physico-chemical properties. Currently, work in these areas is limited mainly to theoretical research and mathematical modeling," Bakaras said.
The idea of having such a center is not new. For years, Boris Shustov, the scientific director of the Institute of Astronomy at the Russian Academy of Sciences, has been advocating the creation of a single organization. According to him, Russia is contributing next to nothing to Earth's security in the solar system, with the United States having pinpointed 99 percent of all known dangerous celestial bodies.
Despite this, Russia has a richer history than most with asteroid collisions. The Tunguska Event in June 1908 is perhaps humanity's closest encounter with asteroid-related devastation. Thankfully, the object exploded above ground in Siberia, flattening miles of forest in the sparsely populated region.
In 2011, the Ural city Chelyabinsk witnessed a bright meteorite blaze across the sky.
Mostly attributed to its colossal size Russia covers about one-sixth of the earth's dry land the country's probability of being struck by falling objects from the sky is higher than that of any other nation.