"That is why it is necessary for us to make every effort to recruit a sufficient number of specialists. Otherwise companies will have to migrate and of course we do not want that," she said.
On Monday, representatives from the German government, employers and trade unions will meet for a summit in Berlin on the immigration of skilled workers and how Germany's new Skilled Workers Immigration Act can take effect quickly.
"Without sufficient skilled workers, a business location cannot be successful," Merkel said.
Germany wants to harness its own potential through good education for as many people as possible, Merkel said. But it will also be necessary to bring skilled workers from the EU to Germany, she pointed out.
There are already 2.5 million people from EU countries working in Germany. But that alone is not enough, and that is why we also have to look for skilled workers from outside the European Union, Merkel said.