TOKYO, Dec 1, (Pakistan Point News - APP - 01st Dec, 2016 ) - The periodic table got larger Wednesday after four new elements were officially named and added to the chart, including 'nihonium' -- the first ever to be discovered by Japanese scientists. The new name for element 113, a highly radioactive element with an extremely short half-life, comes from Japan's name in Japanese -- 'nihon', literally 'the land of the rising sun'. "The element, named for the first time by Japanese and in Asia, will occupy a place in the periodic table -- an intellectual asset of mankind," Kosuke Morita, who led the team that created the element, said in a statement.
The periodic table, pored over by science students the world over, arranges chemical elements in the order of their atomic number. Some elements, such as hydrogen, carbon or magnesium, are found in nature while others, including nihonium -- official symbol Nh -- are synthesised in laboratories. All the discovered elements after 104 are synthetic ones produced through laboratory experiments. Tradition dictates that newly discovered elements be named after a place, geographical region, or scientist, according to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), which made the announcement on the Names Wednesday. A joint team of Russian and US scientists named element 115 moscovium -- symbol Mc -- after the Russian capital, where much of the relevant research was conducted.